Cause and Effect


1.

Cause: The forest department has found several deadly tiger traps in the forests which fall under Maharashtra tiger reserve. These traps are usually laid by African nomads.
Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause? 

A. The local people and the officials may be alerted of movements of African nationals who look differe
B. A fencing may be constructed all around the reserve.
C. all the tigers from the reserve may be shifted to zoos.
D. The government may send army personnel to comb the place to find if there are more such traps.

Option A

Since the traps are identified as the ones laid by Africa nomads, it becomes easy to catch them because they look different from the local people. By alerting the local people and the Forest department officials the culprits can be caught. This is a possible effect. Hence, (a) is a possible effect.Constructing a fence around the reserve is not practically possible. 
Hence, (b) is not a possible effect.Catching the tigers in open forests and shifting them to zoos is not practically possible.
 Hence, (c) is not a possible effect.Armed personnel are not required to search for traps. 
Hence, (d) is not a possible effect. Hence, (a) is a possible effect.
 

2.

Cause: The govern of India has instructed the mobile phone service providers to remove roaming charges and charge all calls across different states at local call rates with effect from the next month.
Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?

A. All mobile phone service providers will start providing services in different states in different se
B. The mobile phone service providers will increase the local call charges.
C. The telephone bills of STD callers will be comparatively lower than before.
D. It becomes easy for consumers in choosing the mobile phone service provider.

Option C

When the government issues an order the service providers either make a arrangements to implement it or arise objections, if any, with the government. There can also be changed at the operational level.Choice (a) does not make any difference in the revenue for the company, moreover the customers base may decrease. Hence, neither (a) nor (e) is a possible effect.Choice (b) may reduce the customer base or it mat also violate the norms. Hence, (b) is not a possible effect.Choice (c) is a possible consequence because when calls any where in the country is made a local call, direct dialing without STD becomes possible. Hence, (c) is a possible effect.By considering calls through out the country as local calls does not have any effect on the choice of the service providers. Hence, (d) is not a possible effect.
 

3.


Cause: The govern of India has instructed the mobile phone service providers to remove roaming charges and charge all calls across different states at local call rates with effect from the next month.
Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?
 

A. All mobile phone service providers will start providing services in different states in different se
B. The mobile phone service providers will increase the local call charges.
C. The telephone bills of STD callers will be comparatively lower than before.
D. It becomes easy for consumers in choosing the mobile phone service provider.

Option C

When the government issues an order the service providers either make a arrangements to implement it or arise objections, if any, with the government. There can also be changed at the operational level.Choice (a) does not make any difference in the revenue for the company, moreover the customers base may decrease. Hence, neither (a) nor (e) is a possible effect.Choice (b) may reduce the customer base or it mat also violate the norms. Hence, (b) is not a possible effect.Choice (c) is a possible consequence because when calls any where in the country is made a local call, direct dialing without STD becomes possible. Hence, (c) is a possible effect.By considering calls through out the country as local calls does not have any effect on the choice of the service providers. Hence, (d) is not a possible effect.
 

4.

Event (A):  The Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) sector is on a hiring spree as it is likely to employ 23 lakh people by 2010.
(B)  Soaring property prices have led the companies to move to Tier II and Tier III cities.
 

A. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
B. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
C. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
D. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

Option D

(A) and (B) are referring to different aspects of economy. Hence, they are effects of independent causes.
 

5.

Event (A):  The single child family seems to be fast becoming the norm in the present day urban set up.
(B)  People think that parenting is easier when they have only one child.
 

A. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
B. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
C. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
D. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

Option B

As people think that parenting is easier when there is only one child, the single child family is becoming the norm. So, (B) is the cause and (A) is the effect.
 

6.

Event (A):  The Archaeological Survey of India has submitted a report for the Supreme Court that there is no evidence to prove that the Rama Sethu is man made.
(B)  Mr. Kailash which is a natural formation, is considered holy and is received by Hindus and Buddists the world over.
 

A. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
B. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
C. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
D. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

Option D

The cause for ASI’s report and the cause for Hindus and Buddists considering Kailash as holy mountain are different.
 

7.

Event (A):  The Greenland ice cap is melting so quickly that pieces of ice which are several cubic kilometers in size are breaking off.
(B)  Greenland is prone to earth quakes.
 

A. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
B. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
C. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
D. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

Option A

When pieces of ice which are several cubic kilometers in size break they will cause earthquakes. So, (A) is the cause and (B) is its effect.
 

8.

Event (A):  The opposition parties staged a protest at the entrance of the parliament house on September 4.
(B)  A naval exercise in which India, Australia, Japan, Singapore and the United States participated, stated in the Bay of Bengal on September 4. The opposition parties are not in favour of this.

A. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
B. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
C. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
D. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

Option B

As the opposition parties are against to the naval exercise they staged a protest against the government. Hence, (B) is the cause and (A) is its effect.
 

9.

Statements:
The government has recently fixed the fees for professional courses offered by the unaided institutions which are much lower than the fees charged last year.
The parents of the aspiring students launched a severe agitation last year protesting against the high fees charged by the unaided institutions.
 

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option B

The parents' protest against high fees being charged by the institutions led the government to interfere and fix the fees at a more affordable level.

10.

Statements:
 All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week.
Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option D

Closing the schools for a week and the parents withdrawing their wards from the local schools are independent issues, which must have been triggered by different individual causes.
 

11.

Statements:
The police authority has recently caught a group of house breakers.
The citizens group in the locality have started night vigil in the area.

A. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option A

Both the statements are clearly backed by a common cause, which is clearly an increase in the number of thefts in the locality.


 

12.

Statements:
The literacy rate in the district has been increasing for the last four years.
 The district administration has conducted extensive training programme for the workers involved in the literacy drive.
 

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option B

Clearly, the increase in the literacy rate may be attributed directly to the stringent efforts of the district administration in this direction.
 

13.

Statements:
The Government has imported large quantities of sugar as per trade agreement with other countries.
The prices of sugar in the domestic market have fallen sharply in the recent months

 

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option A

The increase in supply always triggers a reduction in the prices.

14.

Statements:
The Government medical The private medical colleges have increased the tuition fees in the current year by 200 per cent over the last year's fees to meet the expenses.
 colleges have not increased their fees in spite of price escalation.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option A

Both the statements are clearly backed by a common cause, which is clearly an increase in the number of thefts in the locality.
 

15.

Statements:
It is the aim of the city's civic authority to get the air pollution reduced by 20% in the next two months.
The number of asthma cases in the city is constantly increasing

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option B

The increase in number of asthma cases must have alerted the authorities to take action to control air pollution that triggers the disease.

16.

Statements:
⦁    The local co-operative credit society has decided to stop giving loans to farmers with immediate effect.
⦁    A large number of credit society members have withdrawn major part of their deposits from the credit society.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option B

Clearly, withdrawal of funds by society members is bound to reduce the lending power of the society.

17.

Statements:
Majority of the citizens in the locality belongs to higher income group.
The sales in the local super market are comparatively much higher than in other localities.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option A

The comparatively higher sales in a particular locality are indicative of the high paying capacity of the residents of that locality.
 

18.

Statements:
The performance of most of the students in final exam of class X in the schools run by the Government was excellent.
Many teachers of the Government schools left the school and joined private schools.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option D

The students of government schools performing well in the examinations and the teachers of government schools leaving their jobs to join private schools are two separate situations that must have been triggered by independent causes.

19.

Statements:
The prices of vegetables have been increased considerably during this summer.
There is tremendous increase in the temperature during this summer thereby damaging crops greatly

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option B

Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

20.

Statements:
 Rural and semi-urban areas in the country have been suffering due to load shedding for quite some time.
 If the Government is not able to overcome the power crisis, load shedding will be extended even to the urban areas.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement |I is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option B

The facts given in both the statements are clearly the result of acute power shortage.

21.

Statements:
⦁    Most of the steel producing companies in the country have made considerable profit during the last financial year.
⦁    Many Asian countries have been importing huge quantities of steel from India.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option A

The problems discussed in both the statements are clearly the result of heavy downpour in the area

22.

Statements:
The government has recently fixed the fees for professional courses offered by the unaided institutions which are much lower than the fees charged last year.
The parents of the aspiring students launched a severe agitation last year protesting against the high fees charged by the unaided institutions.
 

A. Statement | is the cause and statement | | is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option B

The parents' protest against high fees being charged by the institutions led the government to interfere and fix the fees at a more affordable level.
 

23.

Statements:
 
The school authority has asked the X Std. students to attend special classes to be conducted on Sundays.
The parents of the X Std. students have withdrawn their wards from attending private tuitions conducted on Sundays.
 

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option A

It seems quite evident that the parents have instructed their wards to abstain from private tuitions on Sundays and attend special classes organised by the school.

24.

Statements:
 
There is sharp decline in the production of oil seeds this year.
The Government has decided to increase the import quantum of edible oil.
 

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option A

A sharp decline in oilseed production is bound to reduce oil supply and import of oil is the only means to restore the essential supply.
 

25.

Statements:
 
It is the aim of the city's civic authority to get the air pollution reduced by 20% in the next two months.
The number of asthma cases in the city is constantly increasing.
 

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

Option B

The increase in number of asthma cases must have alerted the authorities to take action to control air pollution that triggers the disease.

26.

A boy is sitting at the back seat of a car. When the driver suddenly starts moving the car (in forward direction), the boy experiences a backward force?

A. Always
B. Never
C. Often
D. Sometimes

Option A

When a car suddenly starts the lower part of the boy's body will be in the motion while his upper will be at rest. Hence he will always experience backward force.
 

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