Statement And Course Of Action


1.

Statement:

The company 'X' has rejected first lot of values supplied by company 'A' and has cancelled its entire huge order quoting use of inferior quality material and poor craftsmanship.

Courses of action:

I. The company 'A' needs to investigate functioning of its purchase, production and quality control departments.
II. The company 'A' should inspect all the values rejected by company 'X'.
III. The company 'A' should inform company 'X' that steps have been taken for improvement and renegotiate schedule of supply.
 

A. Only I and II
B. Only II
C. All I, II and III
D. II and either I or III

Option C

As in the statement it is mentioned 'rejection due to inferior quality material and poor craftsmanship', it is well known that purchase dept is responsible for purchasing the inferior quality material. Again production dept is responsible for improper inspection. Hence investigation is compulsory for all the departments. Hence I follows. II follows because claim of company 'X' may be wrong. III follows because relationships with a previous client should always be kept up.
 

2.


Statement:

 A large number of lower ranked politicians are murdered by antisocial elements in city 'A'.

Courses of action:

I. All those in the city with criminal records should immediately be arrested.
II. The city police should keep a close vigil on the movements of anti social elements so as to prevent future attacks.
 

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option B

Action I may pose problem but keeping a vigil on them will make the task easier.
 

3.

Statement:

The prices of food grains and vegetables have substantially increased due to a prolonged strike call given by the truck owners association.

Courses of action:

I. The govt should immediately make alternative arrangement to ensure adequate supply of food grains and vegetables in the market.
II. The govt should take steps to cancel the licenses of all the vehicles belonging to the association.
 

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option A

I is advisable because it will be reduce the inconvenience of the people. II is not advisable because it is an extreme action.
 

4.


Statement:

The alert villagers collectively caught a group of dreaded dacoits armed with murderous weapons.

Courses of action:

I. The villagers should be provided sophisticated weapons.
II. The villagers should be rewarded for their courage and unity.

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option B

I is not advisable because sophisticated weapons must not be provided in lay hands. II is advisable because this will encourage the villagers.
 

5.

Statement:

In order to maintain its dignity every nation should prosper economically and ensure development
.
Courses of action:
I. The banks and financial institutions must make people aware of the importance of economic growth and development in every country.
II. People should be encouraged to lead life with dignity.
 

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option A

I is advisable because awareness through these institutions will increase people's participation to get desired objective. II is irrelevant.
 

6.

Statement:

Many students who passed SSC could not get admission in the Junior Colleges due to less ats in the colleges.

Courses of action:
I. The government should arrange additional seats in the colleges for the students immediately.
II. The students who did not get admission in the Junior Colleges, should be advised to get admission in the professional courses.
 

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option B

I does not follow because there are a large number of victims. Additional seats will not solve the problems of those students because it may compromise on the quality of education. II is advisable because it will solve the problem to some extent.
 

7.

Statement:

The government of state 'Y' has decided to remove hutments and buildings that have come up beside roads to broaden them in city 'A'.

Courses of action:

I. The government of state 'Y' should rehabilitate the affected residents of hutments/buildings.
II. The government should compensate with reasonable amounts for the targeted houses.
 

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option C

The affected residents can be compensated in either ways.

8.

Statement:

In response to the published tender notice, the company 'Z' has received 57 sealed tenders.

Courses of action:

I. The department concerned has to open the tenders and scrutinise them as per the procedure.
II. The purchase committee will have to meet and recommend to the management the parties identified for allotting tenders.
 

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option A

I is the next suitable step, hence follows. The tender is related with which department, is not known. Hence II does not follow.
 

9.

Statement:

In response to the published tender notice, the company 'Z' has received 57 sealed tenders.

Courses of action:

I. The department concerned has to open the tenders and scrutinise them as per the procedure.
II. The purchase committee will have to meet and recommend to the management the parties identified for allotting tenders.
 

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option A

I is the next suitable step, hence follows. The tender is related with which department, is not known. Hence II does not follow.
 

10.

Statement:

The 'X' state government has chalked out a plan for the underdeveloped 'Y' district where 80% of the funds will be placed in the hands of a committee of local representatives.

Courses of action:

I. The 'X' state government should decide guidelines and norms for the functioning of the committee.
II. Other state government may follow similar plan if directed by the Central government.
 

A. If only I follows
B. If only II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows

Option A

Once it is decided to place funds in the hands of the committee of local representatives, it is necessary to decide guidelines and norms for the functioning of the committee. Hence I follows. II is not related to the statement.

11.

Statement :
Cell phone users have found that tariff plans are not as attractive as promoted by telecom companies and complained to regulatory authority about the same. 

Courses of action:
The regulatory authority should direct telecom companies to be trasparent on the tariff structure of all plans
II. The government should restrict the number of telecom companies operating in the country.
 

A. If only course of action I follows
B. If only course of action II follows
C. If either course of action I or II follows
D. If both courses of action I and II follow

Option A

Being " not as attractive as promoted " is a clear case of  hiding things. Hence " transparency " is the answer to the problem and I folloes. II goes against the spirit of free market and is not relevant to the problem either.
 

12.

Statement :

The Committee has criticized the Institute for its failure to implement a dozen of regular programmes despite an increase in the staff strength and not drawing up a firm action plan for studies and research.

Courses of Action:

The broad objectives of the Institute should be redefined to implement a practical action plan.
The Institute should give a report on reasons for not having implemented the planned programmes.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option D

The problem is that despite an increase in staff strength, the Institute has failed in its objective of implementing its plan. So, either there should be reasons for the lackening or the plans are a failure and must be revised for practical implementation. Thus, both the courses follow
 

13.


Statement : 
The Government has decided not to provide financial support to voluntary organizations from next Five Year Plan and has communicated that all such organizations should raise funds to meet their financial needs. 

Courses of Action:
Voluntary organizations should collaborate with foreign agencies.
II. They should explore other sources of financial support.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option B

The problem arising is shortage of funds. So, alternative sources of financial support need to be worked out first. Thus, only course II follows.
 

14.

Statement : 

Duty free technology parks where foreign firms can manufacture electronic hardware components are proposed to be established at various places in the country. 

Courses of Action:

Government should immediately implement the proposal to augment the foreign currency reserve by exporting the products.
II. Government should not implement the proposal as it will hinder indigenous production of hardware components.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option A

The step discussed in the statement would surely give a boost to hardware industry and help our country to stand apart in this field. Thus, only I follows.
 

15.

Statement : 

The  Finance Minister submits his resignation a month before the new budget is to be presented in the Parliament. 

Courses of Action
The resignation should be accepted and another person should be appointed as the Finance Minister.
II.The resignation should not be accepted.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option B

Clearly, an already working Finance Minister shall know better all the plans and resources of the Government and he alone can present a suitable budget. So, course II follows.
 

16.

Statement :

It is reported that though Vitamin E present in fresh fruits and vegetables is beneficial for human body, capsule Vitamin E does not have the same effect on human body. 

Courses of Action:

The sale of capsule Vitamin E should be banned.
People should be encouraged to take fresh fruits and vegetables to meet the body's requirement of Vitamin E.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option B

The statement implies that capsule Vitamin E does not function so effectively as natural Vitamin E. Since no negative effect of capsule Vitamin E is mentioned, so I does not follow. Hence, only II follows.
 

17.

Statement :

It is reported that though Vitamin E present in fresh fruits and vegetables is beneficial for human body, capsule Vitamin E does not have the same effect on human body. 

Courses of Action:

The sale of capsule Vitamin E should be banned.
People should be encouraged to take fresh fruits and vegetables to meet the body's requirement of Vitamin E.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option B

The statement implies that capsule Vitamin E does not function so effectively as natural Vitamin E. Since no negative effect of capsule Vitamin E is mentioned, so I does not follow. Hence, only II follows.
 

18.

A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type.

Courses of Action:
The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.
The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.

A. Only I follows
B. Only || follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option D

Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. So, both the courses follow
 

19.


Statement : 

There is an unprecedented increase in migration of villagers to urban areas as repeated crop failure has put them into precarious financial situation. 

Courses of Action:

The villagers should be provided with alternate source of income in their villages which will make them stay put.
The migrated villagers should be provided with jobs in the urban areas to help them survive.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option A

Clearly, increased migration would add to the burden on city's infrastructure. So, attempts should be made to make the villagers feel comfortable in the villages itself. So, only course I follows.
 

20.

Statement :

The car dealer found that there was a tremendous response for the new XYZ's car-booking with long queues of people complaining about the duration of business hours and arrangements. 

Courses of Action:  

People should make their arrangement of lunch and snacks while going for car XYZ's booking and be ready to spend several hours.
II. Arrangement should be made for more booking desks and increased business hours to serve more people in less time.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow

Option B

Seeing the tremendous response, the dealer must make suitable arrangements and deploy more personnel to take care of customers so that they don't have to wait excessively long for booking. So, only course II follows.
 

21.

Statement: Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a Reserve Bank of India directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign currency at international rates from January this year.

Courses of Action:
The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended.
The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows

Option D

The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows.

22.

Statement: The Chairman stressed the need for making education system more flexible and regretted that the curriculum has not been revised in keeping with the pace of the changes taking place.

Courses of Action:
Curriculum should be reviewed and revised periodically.
System of education should be made more flexible.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Both I and II follow
D. Neither I nor II follows

Option C

The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows.

23.

Statement: The Chairman stressed the need for making education system more flexible and regretted that the curriculum has not been revised in keeping with the pace of the changes taking place.

Courses of Action:
Curriculum should be reviewed and revised periodically.
System of education should be made more flexible.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Both I and II follow
D. Neither I nor II follows

Option B

Clearly, the situation demands making the education system more flexible and changing it periodically according to the needs of the time. So, both the courses follow.

24.

Statement: There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of requests for berths in most of the long distance trains during the current holiday season.

Courses of Action:
The railway authority should immediately increase the capacity in each of these trains by attaching additional coaches.
The people seeking accommodation should be advised to make their travel plan after the holiday.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follow

Option A

People cannot be deprived of going to a certain destination merely for lack of berths. Instead it is the duty of the railway authority to accommodate all the bookings by all means. So, only I follows.
 

25.

Statement: India has been continuously experiencing military threats from its neighboring countries.

Courses of Action:
India should engage into an all out war to stop the nagging threats.
India should get the neighbours into a serious dialogue to reduce the tension at its borders.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows

Option B

Clearly, war is the last resort. First, peaceful talks and negotiations should be indulged in, to settle the issues of dispute. So, only course II follows.

26.

Statement: Duty free technology parks where foreign firms can manufacture electronic hardware components are proposed to be established at various places in the country.

Courses of Action:
Government should immediately implement the proposal to augment the foreign currency reserve by exporting the products.
Government should not implement the proposal as it will hinder indigenous production of hardware components.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows

Option A

The step discussed in the statement would surely give a boost to hardware industry and help our country to stand apart in this field. Thus, only I follows

27.

Statement: India today is midstream in its demographic transaction. In the last 60 years there has been an almost continuous decline in mortality; while fertility has declined over the last 20 years. The consequence is that there has been a rapid growth in population over the last 50 years.

Courses of Action:
India should immediately revitalise its family planning programme.
The Government should immediately launch a massive education programme through mass media highlighting the implication of population growth at the present rate.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Both I and II follow
D. Neither I nor II follows

Option C

Clearly, to face the problem of the ever-growing population, an effective family planning programme, for the people to have small families, is a must. Education shall further stress the advantages of having lesser number of children and the disasters of the fast growth in population. Thus, both the courses follow.

28.

Statement: A large number of students have been caught using unfair means during the final-year degree examination.

Courses of Action:
All these students should be debarred permanently from appearing for any examination conducted by the authority.
The guardians of these students should be called by the authority to inform them that any such behaviour in future will not be tolerated.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows

Option D

Merely a warning for the future won't help, and an extremely harsh punishment as debarring students from exams permanently would spoil their future. So, none of the courses follows.

29.

Statement: There is an unprecedented increase in the production of wheat this kharif season in most parts of the country.

Courses of Action:
The government should immediately lower down the procurement price of wheat.
The farmers should be asked to store the excess produces with themselves to be used for future.
The government should make its best efforts to export wheat to augment its presence in international market

A. Only I and II follow
B. Only II and III follow
C. Only I and III follow
D. None of these

Option D

Clearly, both steps I and II are not commercially viable for the farmers. So, none of them follows. The only solution lies in the government attempting to export the excess produce of wheat. Thus, only III follows.
 

30.

Statement: The meteorological department has issued a notification forecasting less rainfall during next year's monsoon.

Courses of Action:
The government should immediately set up a water authority for proper management of water resources.
The water supply authorities should be asked to implement reduction in regular water supply to tackle the situation.
The farmers should be advised to cultivate alternate crops which require less water during the coming months

A. Only I and II follow
B. Only II and III follow
C. Only I and III follow
D. All follow

Option A

Getting the information well in advance clearly suggests that adequate water be saved for the crisis by proper management and moderate cuts in water supply. Cultivating alternate crops may not prove viable for the farmers. So, only I and II follow

31.

Statement: Drinking water supply to New Bombay has been suspended till further orders from Maharashtra Pollution Control Board following pollution of Patalganga river, caused by discharge of effluents from some chemical industries.

Courses of Action:
The industries responsible for discharging effluents into the river should be asked to close down immediately.
The river water should immediately be treated chemically before resuming supply.
The Pollution Control Board should check the nature of effluents being discharged into the river by industries at regular intervals.
 

A. Only I follows
B. Only II and III follow
C. Only III follows
D. Only II follows

Option B

The situation demands checking the nature of effluents being discharged into the river and treating the water accordingly to make it fit for drinking. So, both II and III follow. Further, the industries discharging effluents into the river should be warned not to do so and asked to install proper waste treatment and disposal systems, rather than be closed down. Thus, I does not follow.

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