Statement and Arguments


1.

Statement: Should children be prevented completely from watching television?

Arguments:

I. No, we get vital information regarding education through television.
II. Yes, it hampers the study of children.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option A

Watching TV may also be a part of education. Moreover, long hours of studies without entertainment may prove to be fruitless.

2.

Statement: Should women be given equal opportunity in matter of employment in every field?

Arguments:

I. Yes. They are equally capable.
II. No. They have no shoulder household responsibilities too.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument I is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option D

It is not been mentioned how women are equally capable. Hence I is weak. Household responsibilities can be equally shared by men and women. Hence II is weak.

3.

​​​​​​Statement : Should all the professional colleges in India be encouraged to run their own courses without affiliation to any university?

Arguments :

I. Yes, this is only way to create more opportunities for those who seek professional training.
II. No, this will dilute the quality of professional training as all such colleges may not be equipped to conduct such courses.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option B

Argument I is not strong because of two reasons: (i) it is not the only way to create more opportunities for those who seek professional training; (ii) opportunity to get professional training is not enough, quality of the training is equally important. Argument II is strong because chances of regarding of the standard of training can't be ruled out.

4.

Statement: Should government 'freeze' pay scales and salary of all private and public sectors and its own employees to contain inflation?

Arguments:

I. Yes. All over the world this is considered as a sure way to contain inflation.
II. No. The government should control market forces to keep check on the prices.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option A

Since India is a part of the world, whatever is true all over the world should be true for India also. Hence I is strong. But II is weak because it provides an alternative instead of going into the reason.

5.

Statement: Should animals be killed in the name of laboratory experiment?

Arguments:

I. Yes, they are available in abundance.
II. No, we have been supporting non violence on every step of our lives

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option D

Abundance of animals does not mean that we should reduce their number. Hence, I is a weak argument. II is also a weak argument because does it not depict the real picture. Are we really supporting non violence on every step of our lives? Moreover, it does not go into the reason for practicing non violence.

6.

Statement: Should there be more than one High Court in each state in India?

Arguments:

I. No, this will be a sheer wastage of taxpayers money.
II. Yes, this will help reduce the backlog of cases pending for a very long time.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option A

Why more than one High Court? A single efficient High Court is enough to do the job of more than one High Court. Hence, I is strong because it is true that there will be a wastage of money in that case. II is weak because increase in number of High Courts will not necessarily result in quick disposal of pending cases.

7.

Statement: Should the term of the elected members of parliament be reduced to two years in India?

Arguments:

I. Yes, even otherwise the elections are generally held every alternate year in India.
II. No, every round of parliament election needs huge amount of money and it's a national waste.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option B

Reducing the term is no alternative. Suppose the parliament gets dissolved every six months. Will you then say the term be reduced to six months? Clearly, I is bad logic. II is strong in a country where fiscal deficit is of paramount concern.

8.

Statement: Should metropolitan corporations be changed to public limited companies to enhance their efficiency and reduce expenditure?

Arguments:

I. Yes, it will bring in commercial management and citizens would expect good service at reasonable rates.
II. No, it will end the local elections because there will be no elected corporator.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option A

Since public limited companies are established to run government organisations on business lines, I is strong. Good service is more important than elections. Hence II is weak.

9.

​​​​​​Statement : Should admission in schools be controlled by the state government concerned?

Arguments :

I. Yes, it will reduce the importance of the members of the school management.
II. No, this will result in delays, compromise with the quality of schools, and give rise to corruption.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option B

The main purpose of decentralisation of power is to run the functions of all units property. You can't concentrate on all units if you have so many departments to watch over. Hence II is strong. I is weak because it sort of merely rephrases the statement.

10.

​​​​​​Statement: Should military training of 3 years be made compulsory to all able bodied youths in India?

Arguments :

I. Yes, similar practice is being followed in some developed countries.
II. No, compulsion spoils the best in everything.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If either I or II is strong
D. If neither I nor II is strong

Option D

It is possible that the condition of India is different from those of developed countries; e.g. The developed countries have small population compared to India. Hence following them always is not wise. Hence I is not strong. II is not strong because it shies away from being specific. Such generalisations are usually weak arguments.

11.

Statement: Can pollution be controlled?

Arguments:

I. Yes. If everyone realizes the hazards it may create and cooperates to get rid of it, pollution may be controlled.

II. No. The crowded highways, factories and industries and an ever-growing population eager to acquire more and more land for constructing houses are beyond control.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong

Option C

The control of pollution, on one hand, seems to be impossible because of the ever-growing needs and the disconcern of the people but, on the other hand, the control is possible by a joint effort. So, either of the arguments will hold strong.

12.

Statement: Should the practice of transfers of clerical cadre employees from government offices of one city to those of another be stopped?

Arguments:

I. No. Transfer of employees is a routine administrative matter and we must continue it.

II. Yes. It involves lot of governmental expenditure and inconvenience too many compared to the benefits it yields.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong

Option D

It is not necessary that any practice which has been in vogue for a long time is right and it must be continued. So, argument I is not strong. Also, a practice must be continued or discontinued in view of its merits/demerits and not on grounds of the expenditure or procedures it entails. The policy of transfer is generally practised to do away with corruption, which is absolutely essential. So, argument II also does not hold.

13.

Statement: Should there be a ceiling on the salary of top executives of multinationals in our country?

Arguments:

I. Yes. Otherwise it would lead to unhealthy competition and our own industry would not be able to withstand that.

II. No. With the accent on liberalization of economy, any such move would be counter-productive. Once the economy picks up, this disparity will be reduced.

A. Both I and II are strong
B. Only argument I is strong
C. Only argument II is strong
D. Either I or II is strong

Option A

In the absence of such a ceiling, the companies would be involved in a mutual competition of salaries, in a bid to attract the most competent professionals. So, argument I holds. Also, the prospects of increase in salary would encourage the officials to perform better in the interest of the company they serve, which would otherwise not be so if a ceiling is imposed. So, argument II also holds strong.

14.

Statement: Should higher education be completely stopped for some time?

Arguments:

I. No. It will hamper the country's future progress.

II. Yes. It will reduce the educated unemployment.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong

Option A

Clearly, higher education is not the cause of unemployment. In fact, it has created greater job opportunities. So, argument II is vague. Also, higher education promotes the country's development. So, argument I holds

15.

Statement: Should there be more than one High Court in each state in India?

Arguments:

I. No. This will be a sheer wastage of taxpayers' money.

II. Yes. This will help reduce the backlog of cases pending for a very long time.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong

Option B

Clearly, an increase in the number of High Courts will surely speed up the work and help to do away with the pending cases. So, argument II holds strong. In light of this, the expenditure incurred would be 'utilization', not 'wastage' of money. So, argument I does not hold.

16.

Statement: Should the oil companies be allowed to fix the price of petroleum products depending on market conditions?

Arguments:

I. Yes. This is the only way to make the oil companies commercially viable.

II. No. This will put additional burden on the retail prices of essential commodities and will cause a lot of hardships to the masses.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong

Option B

Clearly, oil is an essential commodity and its prices govern the prices of other essential commodities. As such, the interest of the common people must be taken care of, rather than the profitability of some oil companies. So, only argument II holds strong.

17.

Statement: Should words like 'Smoking is injurious to health essentially appear on cigarette packs?

Arguments:

I. Yes. It is a sort of brainwash to make the smokers realize that they are inhaling poisonous stuff.

II. No. It hampers the enjoyment of smoking

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong

Option A

Clearly, such words on cigarette packs would warn the smokers beforehand of its adverse effects. So, argument I holds strong. However, smoking is a bad habit with long-term health hazards and is no means of enjoyment. So, argument II is vague.

18.

Statement: Should trade unions be banned completely?

Arguments:

I. Yes. Workers can concentrate on production.

II. No. This is the only way through which employees can put their demands before the management.

II. Yes. Employees get their illegal demands fulfilled through these unions.

IV. No. Trade unions are not banned in other economically advanced countries.

A. Only I is strong
B. Only II is strong
C. Only I and II are strong
D. Only I, II and III are strong

Option B

Clearly, trade unions provide a common platform for the workers to voice their demands and protests and thus ensure that they are not subdued or exploited. So, argument II holds strong, while I and III do not. Besides, the idea of imitation of other countries in the implementation of a certain policy holds no relevance. So, argument IV also does not hold strong.

19.

Statement: Should mercy death be legalized, i.e., all those who are suffering from terminal diseases be allowed to end their lives if they so desire?

Arguments:

I. No. Nobody should be allowed to end his/her life at his/her will as this goes against the basic tenets of humanity.

II. Yes. Patients undergoing terrible suffering and having absolutely no chance of recovery should be liberated from suffering through mercy death.

III. No. Even mercy death is a sort of killing and killing can never be legalized

A. Only I and II are strong
B. Only II and III are strong
C. Only I and III are strong
D. All are strong

Option D

Clearly, mercy death will serve as a liberation to those to whom living is more difficult and painful. But then, it is an inhuman act and does not appeal. So, both arguments II and III hold strong. Besides, it becomes our moral duty to encourage such people to live their lives to the fullest and support them through the crisis/and not demoralize them by allowing them to die if they wish to. Hence, argument I also holds strong.

20.

Statement: Should the consumption of aerated drinks be banned in India?

Arguments:

I. Yes. This is the only way to reduce the risk of exposing people to some diseases.

II. No. Each individual should have right to choose what he wants.

III. No. There is no confirmed evidence that such products have adverse effects on human body.

IV. Yes. It is banned in many other countries also.

A. Only I is strong
B. Only I and II are strong
C. Only III is strong
D. Only I and IV are strong

Option C

The use of 'only' in I makes it invalid. Also, it is the duty of the government to save its citizens from intake of any harmful products, even if they like them. So, II does not hold strong. Besides, a product must not be banned unless its harmful effects have been proved. So, III holds strong. Lastly, we cannot blindly follow the decisions taken by other countries. So, IV also does not hold.

21.

Statement: Should there be a ban on affiliation of student unions to political parties?

Arguments:

I. Yes. The political parties take undue advantage of the student unions to fulfill their own selfish interests.

II. No. Without the support of political parties student unions will not be able to survive.

A. If only argument I is strong
B. If only argument II is strong
C. If neither I nor II is strong
D. If both I and II are strong

Option C

Simply saying that a thing can be abused is a simplistic argument. This applies to everything and is hence weak unless you specify the reason for abuse. Hence I is weak. II is weak because it is just not true.

22.

Statement: Should school education be made free in India?

Arguments:        

I. Yes. This is the only way to improve the literacy rate in India.       

II. No. It would add the already heavy burden on the exchequer.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Neither I nor II is strong
D. Both I and II are strong

Option B

Making education free can not ensure full literacy. So argument I is vague. Argument II stands strong.

23.

Statement: Should government jobs in rural areas have more incentives

Arguments:       

1. Yes. Incentives are essential for attracting government servants there       

2. No.Rural areas are already cheaper, healthier and less complex than big cities .So,why offer extra incentives!

A. Only 1 is true
B. Only 2 is true
C. either 1 or 2 is true
D. neither 1 or 2 is true

Option A

Government jobs in rural are underlined with several difficulties in love of these .In lieu of these ,extra incentives are needed

24.

Statement : Should students take part in politics?

Arguments:       

1.Yes .It includes in the the quality of leader ship       

2.No.They should study and build up their career

A. Only 1 is true
B. Only 2 is true
C. either 1 or 2 is true
D. neither 1 or 2 is true

Option C

Clearly ,indulgement in politics trains the students for future leader ship but it sways them from studies .So,either of argument 1 or 2 holds

25.

Statement : Should judiciary be independent of the executive?

Arguments:       

1.Yes .This would help curb the unlawful activities of the executive       

2.no.the executive would not be able to take bold measures

A. Only 1 is true
B. Only 2 is true
C. either 1 or 2 is true
D. neither 1 or 2 is true

Option A

Clearly,independent  judiciary is necessary for impartial judgements so that the executive does'nt take wrong measures.So only argument 1 holds

26.

Statement : Should there be an upper age limit of 65 years for contesting parlimentary/Legislative Assembly elections?

Arguments:        

1.Yes.Generally ,people above the age of 65 years lose their dynamism and will power       

 2.No.the life span is also increased that people remain physically and mentally active even upto age of 80 years

A. Only 1 is true
B. Only 2 is true
C. either 1 or 2 is true
D. neither 1 or 2 is true

Option D

The age of the person is no criteria for judging his mental capbilities and administrative qualities.So,none of the arguments holds strong

27.

Statement : Should there be restriction on the migration of people from one state to another state in India?

Arguments:   

1. No.Any Indian citizen has the right to live at any place of his/her own choice. They can't be stopped        

2. Yes.this is the way to effect an equitable distribution of resources across the states in India

A. Only 1 is true
B. Only 2 is true
C. either 1 or 2 is true
D. neither 1 or 2 is true

Option A

clearly argument 1 holds strong,while argument 2 is vague

28.

Statement : Should railways immediately stop issuing free passes to all of its employees?

Arguments:       

1.No.The employees have the highest right to travel free      

 2.Yes.This will help railways provide better facilities

A. Only 1 is true
B. Only 2 is true
C. either 1 or 2 is true
D. neither 1 or 2 is true

Option D

Free passes given to the railway employees is a privilege to them not their right. So 1 doesn’t hold and 2 is vague

29.

Statement : Is the Government justified in spending so much on defence?

Arguments: 

I. Yes. Safety of the country is of prime importance.       

2. No. During peace, this money could be used for the development of the country.

A. Only 1 is strong
B. Only 2 is strong
C. either 1 or 2 is strong
D. neither 1 or 2 is strong

Option A

Clearly, defence is necessary for the safety of the country, which is of prime importance. So, argument I holds. Also, a country can concentrate on internal progress and development only when it is safe from external aggressions. So, argument II does not hold.

30.

Statement : Should jobs be linked with academic degrees and diplomas?

Arguments:       

1. No.A very large number of persons with meagre academic qualifications will apply      

2. No.Importance of higher education will be diminished

A. Only 1 is true
B. Only 2 is true
C. either 1 or 2 is true
D. neither 1 or 2 is true

Option B

Delinking jobs with degrees will diminish the need for higher education as many of them peruse such education for jobs. So, only arg 2 is strong

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